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ACOM 2311 - Intro to Communication Research

Step 1. Address the Question or Problem

  • You should at this point already have determined your research question and/or thesis statement. In the Literature Review, first address the question or problem within a particular field.


  • Give background information (in a condensed manner) on the issue and why it is important to address the problem . Remember that you should have already given a more detailed explanation in the introduction of the paper.



Step 2. Discuss Others' Research

  • After providing a background on the problem/issue, its important to discuss what others have written on the topic. See the video on this page of the various methods of writing the literature review.


  • You should explain how the other researchers approached the problem, and compare the approaches and results of various authors. In addition, explain how their work relates to yours. Compare and contrast is a good means of writing this section.


SJSU Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Library

TIP: When searching for academic articles pay close attention to those that have a literature review section to get an understanding of how scholars accomplish the review.