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Chicago Manual of Style Help Guide

Citing Electronic/Online Resources

Below are sample citations for the most common electronic resources, based on the16th edition. Please refer to the Chicago Manual of Style for clarification or additional information about citing other resources.


Electronic Book - downloaded from a library or bookseller

Potter, Elizabeth. Feminism and Philosophy of Science: An

     Introduction. London: Routledge, 2006. PDF e-book.



Book consulted online

Anotokoletz, Elliot. Musical Symbolism in the Operas of Debussy and Bartok.  New

     York: Oxford University Press, 2008.




Journal Article - Retrieved through library database


Schüler, Harry. "The Renaissance of the New York Oneida." European 


     Review of Native American Studies 14, no. 2 (December 2000): 47-56.

     America: History & Life.


Beisaw, April M. "Memory, Identity, and NAGPRA in the Northeastern United States."

     American Anthropologist 112, no. 2 (June 2010): 244-256.



  •  If a DOI is available, replace the database name and provider and date of access with the DOI, as shown in the second example above.


Magazine Article - Retrieved through library database

Biron, Gerry. "The Niagara Floral-style Beaded Bag in the Victorian Era." American

     Indian Art Magazine 35, no. 4 (August 2010): 42-86. America: History & Life.



Newspaper Article - Retrieved through library database

de la Merced, Michael J.  and Jad Mouawad "BP is Said to Explore Asset Sale."  

     New York Times, July 12, 2010., A23. National Newspapers Core. 


CountryWatch - Country Review

To obtain the editor, title, and publication date of the Country Review, select theCountry Review [PDF] link, under Country PDF Download, in the left hand column of the Country Review Web page.


 Youngblood Coleman, Denise, ed. Armenia 2009 Country Review.

     accessed July 28, 2009CountryWatch.



Arkansas Outdoor Photographers Club. "About Us." last revised 2011.


  • Include as much of the following content as can be determined: a title or description of the page, the author of the content (if any), the owner or sponsor of the site, and a URL.  Also include a publication date or date of revision.