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* Congressional Resources

United States Capitol

photo of United States Capitol

History of Congress

As outlined in the Constitution, the House of Representatives represents citizens based on district populations, while the Senate represents citizens on an equal state basis. This agreement was part of what is called The Great Compromise which, in turn, led to the Permanent Seat of Government Act establishing the nation’s federal capital in Washington, DC.  Each house of Congress also has specific responsibilities in the creation of legislation and approval of executive appointments and international treaties.

All documentation generated in the process of carrying out Congressional responsibilities can be researched in a variety of materials published by the House, Senate, and Joint Committees.