Below are sample citations for the most common print resources, based on the 6thedition. Please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for clarification or additional information about citing other resources.
Jenkins, H. (2006). Fans, bloggers, and gamers: Exploring
participatory culture. New York, NY: New York University Press.
Second or Subsequent Editions of a Book
Kim, H. S., & Kollak, I. (Eds.). (2006). Nursing theories: Conceptual &
philosophical foundations (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
Chapter of an Edited Book
Smith, T. (2009). No tributes to Caesar: Good or evil in Atlas Shrugged. In
R. Mayhew (Ed.), Essays on Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged (pp. 275-298).
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
Book or Report by a Nongovernmental Agency
Institute of Medicine. (2003). Hidden costs, value lost: Uninsurance in
America. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Journal Article with DOI
Knutson, J. F., Johnson, C. R., & Sullivan, P. M. (2004). Disciplinary choices
of mothers of deaf children and mothers of normally hearing children. Child
Abuse & Neglect, 28, 925-937. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2004.04.005
DOI should be in lower case (doi). There is no period after the last digit of the DOI.
Journal Article without DOI
Welch, K., & Payne, A. A. (2010). Racial threat and punitive school
discipline. Social Problems, 57, 25-48.
Grunwald, M., & Scherer, M. (2010, February 8). The main streeters vs. the
wall streeters. Time, 175(5), 30-31.
Kritz, F. L. (2009, July 14). Asthma study cites misuse of inhalers. The Washington
Post, p. HE06.
Health Communications Center. (2008). Your blood pressure [Brochure].
Chicago, IL: Author.
Occupational Outlook Handbook
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2010, January).
Librarian. In Occupational Outlook Handbook, (2010-11 ed., pp. 270-273).
Washington, D.C.: GPO.
Mental Measurements Yearbook - Test Review
Sandoval, J. (2003). Test review of the Woodcock-Johnson III.
In B. S. Plake, J. C. Impara, & R. A. Spies (Eds.), The fifteenth
mental measurements yearbook (pp. 1024-1028). Lincoln, NE:
Buros Institute of Mental Measurements.
Many publishers are now using the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) System -- commonly referred to as DOI or DOI numbers -- to provide unique and persistent identifiers for journal articles.
The 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Associationincorporates DOI numbers for journal articles if they are available.
EXAMPLE OF DOI NUMBER:
Here are some suggestions on where to look for a DOI for a journal article that you wish to cite:
Keep in mind that not all journal publishers use the DOI System.
For additional information about the DOI System, please refer to pages 188-192 in the 6th edition of the Publication Manual.