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HHPS 7303 - Evaluation of Health Programs - Kanekar

This guide is designed to help you find evidence for a literature review and presentation. To do this the guide provides background details like definitions to make sure everyone can get on the same page. Every program, population, conditions, geogra

Discover the purpose of a literature review

A literature review seeks to identify, analyze and summarize the published research literature about a specific topic.  Literature reviews are assigned as course projects; included as the introductory part of master's and PhD theses; and are conducted before undertaking any new scientific research project.

The purpose of a literature review is to establish what is currently known about a specific topic and to evaluate the strength of the evidence upon which that knowledge is based. A review of a clinical topic may identify implications for clinical practice. Literature reviews also identify areas of a topic that need further research.

A systematic review is a literature review that follows a rigorous process to find all of the research conducted on a topic and then critically appraises the research methods of the highest quality reports. These reviews track and report their search and appraisal methods in addition to providing a summary of the knowledge established by the appraised research.

The quality of a literature review is largely determined by the the research question and search process.

Top tips for you to know. - Keywords

You may want to start by doing a keyword search for your population group and specific health focus/condition:

  • African Americans and diabetes

You may find information on programs or interventions by doing a keyword search for the name of the health focus/condition and one of these terms:

program* intervention* prevent* Examples: obesity and program*

  • obesity and intervention*    
  • obesity and prevent*

You can try a subject search for the name of your population group and health and hygiene.

African Americans Health and Hygiene

You might do a subject search for the name of the health focus/condition and try some of the headings and subheadings links:

  • Obesity
  • Obesity - Prevention
  • Substance Abuse
  • Substance Abuse  -  United States -  Prevention

Other subject searches you might try include the following:

  • Health Education
  • Health Promotion
  • Health Attitudes
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Psychology

Tips for you to know - Statistics & Guidelines

  • Using data and statistics can help demonstrate who big your problem is.  The use of data and statistics can help provide creditability to your claim or approach. 
  •  You may need to contact the Arkansas agency directly if you are not finding statistics or information on programs.
  • Each county in Arkansas has its own health department. You may need to contact the local health department for local statistics and information.
  • Most statistics you will find are several years old. The reason for this is it takes time to compile and analyze data
  • In addition to statistics, these website generally provide guidelines or examples which may help jumpstart your efforts.